I've created this discussion to present ideas on the future of the transportation industry. For my part I want to tell you about what I believe is the future of transportation, and how our government can help to encourage car owners and manufacturers to make this change. We start from where we are now with many people switching from vehicles which depend only on gasoline to hybrid vehicles which also use stored electric power. The electric systems in the hybrid allow the vehicle to get vastly better gas mileage when driving at low speeds and short distances. The small block engine helps to charge the batteries, extending the hybrids range, and enabling the vehicle to operate at higher speeds. The hybrid represents the best of both the old and the new technologies in transportation. However it is at best a compromise, and with electric vehicle technology advancing we need to start thinking about completely replacing all internal combustion vehicles. Admittedly some vehicles will still be around due to nostalgia, and in their original configurations may remain show pieces, for exhibition only. Others will be converted so that while on the outside they reflect the styling of the old vehicles, their internal components will be more consistent with modern electric vehicles. The first step begins with auto manufactures giving consumers the ability to choose between ICE, hybrids, and fully electric vehicles. Previously it was said that there was not enough demand for EVs due to their short range, and lack of performance. However it has been shown that EVs can be designed to have performance equal, and in some cases superior, to similar ICE vehicles. Additionally the range of some electric vehicles can now exceed 300 miles due to developments in battery technology. However these technologies do not come cheap, and consumers need to have an affordable option. The good news is that an affordable EV can be produced with a range of between 100 and 200 miles, which is sufficient for use as a commuter vehicle. I beleive that if given the choice, consumers would choose an all electric vehicle for this reason, retaining their ICE or hybrid as a second car or long range vehicle to be used for long distance trips. Like Mr. Pickens, I beleive that having the right leadership will make all the difference. The only way we can have a change in energy policy is if we elect leaders who are committed towards those ends. Only then can legislation be passed to effect the kind of changes we need as a country. I beleive that once the Pickens Plan is enacted into law that legislation should be considered which would set a firm timeline for the conversion or replacement of all passenger ICE vehciles with Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (i.e.: EVs, Hybrids), and I beleive that this can be accomplished by the end of next decade. Just in time for todays new cars to be put out to pasture. Our government must encourage car manufacturers, and dealerships to give consumers a reasonable means of acquiring these new vehicles through the use of tax breaks and subsidies. These efforts should be aimed at reducing the cost of disposing of consumers trade-ins, and to reduce the marked price on new vehicles which consumers will have to pay. By the end of this period there should be enough new and used hybrids and EVs on the market that every driver should be able to afford to purchase one. So upon the end of the decade emissions standards can be increased to Ultra Low Emissions Levels. One area of concern with electric vehicles is the vehicle charging technologies. Other possibilities we can persue have to do with the EVs charging technology. While current technology is sufficient, the charging still take time, and it can only be done where a port is available to plug in. Newer hybrids and EVs should be capable of pluging into a standard 220V outlet. Another technology that should be considered is a technology which is used in electrical transformers. Using electromagnetic induction we can charge an electric vehicle by simply placing it near powerful electric current. Such and inducer can be buried beneath a residents driveway, or under specially marked parking spaces. A vehicles electric control system would measure the amount of time the car spends charging, shuting off once the batteries are full, and the cost of charging would be billed monthly to the owner. Such technology could charge the vehicles battery even while it is on the move. So imagine if you will an electric highway, a new type of interstate highway system. Each lane would have a high powered cable running beneath it which would turn the inducer and charge your batteries "as you drive". When you're not on the highway, your car would continue to run on battery power. A car could rely on its own batteries on short drives in town, and through the country. (i.e.: up to 300 miles) Upon merging onto the electric highway, the car being powered by EM induction field would make it possible for a vehicle to travel for thousands of miles, non-stop, without recharging. With cheap sustainable sources of alternative energy the cost of driving your car could be far cheaper than it is now. Increased demand will drive up prices over time, but I beleive that it would be more stable than gas prices are now.