Attention is rising for the value of wind and solar, but other valuable energy and 'green' fuel sources, including major steps of conservation, are not getting the boost that is needed. Many of these alternatives are poised for huge contributions. Even while political and financial attitudes and policies have been hard on innovators and inventors over the past 30 years, those capital limited inventors have been hard at work on solutions. 'And they have many! I hope that this medium of sharing will highlight those solutions, which with sufficient start-up capital, could be implemented - starting here and now.

The Boone Pickens plan is a must! My hat is off to Mr. Pickens, having undertaken this very expensive campaign of his very real and doable plan. This plan going forward will also awaken the vast sleeping investor resources that we have in this country - to capitalize his expanding plan, and the so very many serious alternative energy resources that our many inventors have made plausible.

Tags: Discussion, alternative, and, conservation, energy, fuels, inovations, neglected, on, sources

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Neglected Green Fuel #1

Liquid Air. This totally none-pollution medium may be directly converted from wind energy - wind mills of every description. On a practical level within industrial developed countries, wind conversion to electricity is currently the most practical means for energy distribution. However, that changes with off-shore systems when high power cable connection with the mainland becomes uneconomic, unreliable or just not feasible.

That said, on-land conversion may be feasible, if not practical, for third-world countries. This medium is also feasible for wind mill systems developed for more distant off shore locations - where high wind forces are the most constant. These areas are known and established, as well as with various storms and hurricanes for extra peak energy production. Of course, to take advantage of these various locations and moving storms, the platform for wind energy generation would have be mobile and ultra-stable in very high sea-states. Further, there would have to be a relatively efficient to collect and store this energy for distribution. Such a system has been worked out utilizing Liquid-Air as the energy storage medium and a HARTH ship platform for the wind energy collection - and the transport tenders for distribution to suitable markets.

Wind mills can utilize and convert the rotational mechanical energy directly to compressors in the reduction process toward on-board Liquid-Air storage. Specialty tenders then receive this storage of Liquid-Air and move it to an appropriate market. Land distribution is much the same as for Liquid Propane, Butane or Nitrogen using more of the same existing equipment.

Why bother to do this? Vast amounts of constant wind energy is available 24/7 in the Blue-Waters of oceans, world-wide. Most of the distressed third-world countries have none, or nearly-none, of the infrastructure for energy (electricity or gas) and an overwhelming lack of electrical generation resources. The cost of Liquid Air is free (the wind) limiting overhead costs to the maintenance, transport costs and land distribution. Land distribution is the same as it would be for the more expensive Propane or Butane - storage tanks (though much safer), small and large truck distribution and a far safer user interface system.

Liquid-Air does not ignite. Compressed air does not ignite. So how is it used? Bleed directly into an insulated box and you have very good refrigeration. Bleed it into a house and you have air-conditioning. Bleed into a storage room and you have a town's food storage, or fishing village fish processing and export established. Liquid-Air expands 800 times when expanded. Of course, this is not a comparison to using a steam as an energy medium (1600 times when expanded), but still quite effective to drive certain types of engines which means mechanical energy is produced (the Opus rotary piston engines is an example). The first of Liquid-Air driven automobiles has already been built and demonstrated. Farm tractors and other powered equipment can be driven in this manner. Pneumatic tools can be driven directly. Local electrical energy production is therefore, also feasible from liquid air. Other research in underway at HLE and elsewhere.

A fleet of such wind energy production ships could well sustain a fulfilling portion of our Worlds growing energy thirst, and do it carbon free and pollution free - just good clean air.

Walter Reed
Apple Valley, CA

Hi Pat:

Liquid-Air is just a higher density of air. It is not flammable. Yes, it can be distributed much the same way as liquid nitrogen is today. It could be that your 'gas station' would hold the liquid air and fill your car tank with compressed air. But it could also be liquid-air converted to compressed air on board the car. The driver of the OPUS high-torque power plant can also efficiently utilize liquid air as a fuel medium. The only exhause is fresh air.

Liquid air can be utilized directly for refrigeration, air conditioning, condensing water from humid air, etc. -which could be a God-send for third world countries.

The Hydro Lance designs have no limit as to size. Entire towns or resorts can be built on such ultra-stable platforms. However, if we design them to travel at 70-140 Knots (as we do for ocean surface transport), then they must very stream-lined. I do not understand your idea of a 'windmill battleship' - NO on that one.

'Hope this is more help than not.
Best regards,
Neglected Fuel #2 -- The OTHER Clean Coal Fuel ...

Our country has vast reserves of natural gas (methane) which is a great early step to piously pursue. Our infrastructure to use methane as a fuel has to also be greatly expanded for the viability of daily utilization. A number of cities have undergone some transition with the civil fleet of buses, trucks and few cars. Los Angeles is one such example. Expansion is this trend is expanded under the Boone Pickens Plan.

Another very viable ‘green fuel’ is acetylene. Acetylene is currently widely utilized in industry, as every gas welding torch in the world uses acetylene as the gas of choice. Why? The BTU energy content is higher than most any alternative gas. When blended with oxygen, the torch routinely cuts steel, and welds together large beams of steel and gas mix variations to weld most all metals together. Few of us may realize that acetylene can be a superior fuel for our cars - or for any internal or external combustion engines.

It gets better. Emissions and toxicity from such combustion are among the lowest of any fuel utilized; perhaps only rivaled by Hydrogen …

Relative Vehicle Fuel Emissions:

Carbon Dioxide% Hydrocarbon (ppm)

Gasoline 450 1.80
Propane 400 0.12
Methane 337 0.45
Acetylene 20 0.03
Hydrogen 0 0

Hydrogen as a fuel, is long-ranged just because there is little existing distribution networks, involves major safety issues of storage and distribution, the cost of production, and the limited types of engines that can accommodate hydrogen utilization. Some folks do assume that fuel cells are the only practical way to burn hydrogen, but that is not true - ‘More on this later.

Economic production, distribution and utilization of acetylene is currently within our reach, in a relatively near term. Acetylene is commercially produced in industry from Calcium Carbide granules -by adding controlled amounts of water. A small amount of calcium carbide produces a surprisingly large amount of acetylene gas. You may remember this by viewing old miner hats which had ‘calcium carbide lanterns’ mounted on the front of each helmet. They produced a clean, white and bright light for many hours without themselves producing toxic emissions, and could be easily refueled deep in a dark mine - whenever necessary a few gandules and a few drops of water.

Indeed, the manufacture of calcium carbide comes from a high temperature reaction of lime-stone and coal or coke. These both are abundant resources in our country – and world-wide. Accordingly, this clean fuel can be World-Class as even the production process is quite clean.

Industrial production of calcium carbide requires very a instantaneous high temperature of approximately 2300 Degrees F. The crushed mixture of lime stone and coal instantly sublimes in a reaction forming calcium carbide. Such a temperature is currently achieved with specialized carbon-arc furnace. A minor side product of this reaction is calcium carbonate, often consumed for stomach indigestion. This product currently is produced in areas near a source of coal and such available energy required to operate such furnaces. A very smart fellow, Mr. Ronnie Whitehouse, has already designed such an arc furnace that can be shipped as a unit and consumes far less energy than currently in use. The result is making such production of calcium carbide economic and competitive both here - and in many parts of the world. Yes, we could even run modern aircraft on acetylene.

This gets even better. The calcium carbide is a white crystal granule, having an appearance something like sugar and may be bulk loaded in treated cardboard barrels, clean oil barrels, plastic bagging or bulk hopper tanks and distributed by rail, truck, aircraft, ships or automobile. These are all existing distribution methods ready to go. Ripping or rupturing a bag or container, spilling the substance - just sweep it up and re-bag it.

The use and utilization of this dry powder-like commodity in to acetylene gas can may be done at the point of use only as needed (such as for an automobile or truck), or in bulk for distribution to homes for stove and furnace fuels - or at the home by the home owner for such fuel use. As for the car, the higher energy content of acetylene means more power and better mileage. This of course, has already been demonstrated during ‘the last energy crises’. A wonder friend, Mel Herzog converted a pick-up truck for acetylene operation using components from a ‘retired’ airless paint-gun. He and a friend drove it around Phoenix for some time.

An extraordinarily powerful and compact ‘any-fuel power plant was invented’ and, combined with the above explanations, became the OPUS power system, gaining numerous awards and scientific acclaim. Converting calcium carbide to acetylene, the gas is fed to a unique mono-tube boiler producing super-heated steam in seven seconds. This steam is fed to a unique and compact rotary-piston driver. The driver uniqueness is that three positive displacement pistons rotate about a radius at right-angle to the drive-shaft's rotation - on a single plane, having connecting rods at right angles to the drive shaft producing six power strokes per revolution of the drive shaft – and outrageous torque. This torque is due to the right-angle leverage of the connecting rods to the drive-shaft and the moving pistons. This rotary power unit has only seven moving parts and can be disassembled by one person with a single, one-sized Alan Wrench! There is no requirement of lubrication in the system, assuring a long service life. Many thousands of hours of run time on dynamic test stands has revealed no measurable wear. The boiler and driver may be scaled from applications in automobiles to locomotives to nuclear power plants. HARTH ships anticipates incorporation of this system in numerous ship applications.

Both acetylene and hydrogen burn hot relative to other fuels. Either will work efficiently in such OPUS systems. That being said, powdered coal, methane, fuel oil or any fuel can also power such systems.

And the last ‘biggie’ is that this is the other CLEAN COAL FUEL. Many reports have noted that the U.S. coal reserves far exceeds the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq combined. We do now need to pursue this resource vigorously with clean, green fuel conversions.

Perhaps you have similar knowledge or stories of this or other neglected green fuels in use today and/or uses for tomorrow to share on this blog.

Walter Reed
OK Walter, you have convinced me lol, how do I build an Acetylene car? Can you point me to a place where I can find instructions?
Hi Larry:

While this has been done, the best engine application for acetylene is a steam engine. There are new highly evolved mono-tube boiler closed cycle rotary steam engines that feature compactness and enormous torque output. These new developments provide for a full head of operational steam in seven seconds from the time the ignition switch is turned. One such example is the OPUS rotary steam engine and system. The reason I say this is that acetylene contains higher Btu's and burns hotter. When using it in an internal combustion engines, close attention has to be paid to tuning so as not to burn your valves.

That said, pure acetylene gas is produced by adding water to calcium carbide. In the late 1970's the fellow that I knew having done this, is now deceased. He used the components of an airless paint system (tank, gages and plumbing) for the mix holding tank and a small pump & control valve (feed-back from the pressure gage) for water additions. The gaseous output passed through a ceramic flash back filter near the carburetor line. Connected and bingo.

I personally do not have any detailed plans for the internal engine conversion, but you can figure it out easily enough. You can Google Opus Rotary Steam. 'Hope this helps.

Hi Pat:

That's funny. The only thing that killed the acetylene car was the lack of capital. Oil became cheap again after the last energy crises. Our government, and the public, are not terribly talented with long range planning.

Both calcium carbide and acetylene are non-petroleum fuel mediums. While calcium carbide is derived from coal or coke, the reaction with lime stone changes everything. The calcium carbide can be transported much the same as a bag of sugar. Currently, this occurs in bulk to converter companies, which add water to the grandules, producing acetylene which is compressed into tanks for use in the welding industry. However, that conversion can be done at the point of use - on demand.

Acetylene is the hottest burning man-made gas on earth. If converting calcium carbide for an acetylene feed to an internal combustion engine, burning the valves can be problem. The engine interface is much the same as for burning methane (natural gas), but acetylene has a far greater Btu content; perfect for steam engines or a couple of the new any-fuel internal combustion engine developments.

The Hydro Lance wind-mill energy production ship anchors when reaching a high ocean wind zone (there are many). We would sink an old cement filled ship at such locations which we would anchor with. The only practical ship design for this purpose is the HARTH technology as they do not experience heave, roll, pitch, sway, yaw, hog or sag in and through elevated sea-states. There is no other design of any vessel which can accomplish this type of stability. Accordingly, it is not feasible to use the more conventional ships for wind-mill adaptation.

Sorry for the delay in the reply, but comment forward email function just did not function. sigh.

'Hope this helps,

Can't tell if your the owner of the Opus or not, as stated in another discussion. I am already interested. Now how can we worked together to get it to market?

Hi Larry:

Appologize for not answering this earlier. The comment email follower didn't function. The Opus has been built and tested with five units. Flawless operation. Captital is required to setup a manufacturing capability inclusive of sizing an intitial range of sizes for various applications. I am not the owner, but have a cooperative interest with the inventor to begin commercial introduction here in the US.

Hydro Lance is of course, interested to do this for our fast ship power plants, as the Opus can burn any fuel, anywhere in the world that is available. This also affords the use of green fuels as they become available, so these efficient power plants would not be obsoleted. Smaller such power plants can be produced for automobiles, HEV's, trucks, earthmovers, etc. - totally silent.

Thanks for asking.


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