Are you interested in becoming an organizer in your area?
Tell us about your experience with alternative energy:
I have been involved in Solar Hydrogen (education, engineering R&D) for ten years, and hope it goes on for much longer and becomes more and more interesting. I hope to get involved in a utility-scale renewable power project in the near future. With a dedication to purpose, a strong sense of true positive progression, I am confident I'll continue to promote and make contributions towards a fossil fuel-free Civilization.
Please visit the EcoSoul website. I am currently one of their ardent supporters:
The simplicity of the idea and the will to implement it. The possibility of a sustainable civilization in my lifetime excites me the most.
The "Green Revolution" will revitalize both Civilization and the Planet's EcoSystem. Wall Street's lending and investment institutions will have to choose between going the way of the Dinosaurs or evolving and embracing the rapidly approaching Green Revolution. Go Big or Go Home, yes?
What do you want to do to help?
I would like to continue actively promoting both Wind and Solar Hydrogen technologies....with the intent of convincing the Public that they are viable and mature technologies and are ready for implementation.
In throwing my hat in the ring, I am committing myself to helping to transition the U.S. to a completely sustainable and non-polluting Hydrogen Economy. Implementing a "New Energy Economy" today is also a matter of political will and not solely technology.
My Mission Statement:
I'm an H2 Educator/Aero-Mechanical Engineer-Scientist interested in joining either a large-scale renewable energy project or R&D effort. I want to continue transforming myself from an aero-mechanical engineer into an "Energy Systems Engineer/Engineering Manager." In so doing, I hope my efforts will help usher in a non-polluting and sustainable Hydrogen Economy.
'There is cause for guarded optimism. If you look at it historically, the rise of environmental consciousness has been extremely rapid. We're only 40 years into it. The trouble is, the environment has been going downhill far faster.'
--Dr. Paul Ehrlich
"Without energy there is no economy. Without climate there is no environment. Without economy and environment there's no material well-being, there's no civil society, there's no personal or national or international security. And the problem is that the way we've been getting the energy our economies need is wrecking the climate that our environment needs. That is the essence of the problem."
Director, Woods H*** Research Center
The Consequences of a Petroleum Economy::
I LEAVE IT TO YOU TO CHECK MY REFERENCES, DO THE CALCULATION OF REALTIME CO2 GENERATION VIA THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, THE HUMAN CONTRIBUTION TO THE CO2 PORTION OF THE PLANET'S ATMOSPHERE, AND THUS CIVILIZATION'S CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL WARMING.
With the new fleet of satellites, we will soon know more about Civilization's "carbon footprint" and the ability of the Planet to accommodate it. http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSN29296632
Check your carbon footprint here:
Check the Various Carbon Dioxide Emissions Clocks:
. http://www.co2clock.org/methodology.html http://zfacts.com/p/640.html http://sj-climateclock.org http://www.poodwaddle.com/clocks3.htm
Human-made greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the single most important man-made greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. Since the industrial revolution CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions have been increasing. There may be a carbon dioxide “tipping point” after which it may be impossible to reverse the trend.
Past Levels of Carbon Dioxide
The World Meteorological Organization’s bulletin “The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere using Global Observations through 2006” states, “For about 10,000 years before the industrial revolution, the atmospheric abundance of CO2 was nearly constant at 280 ppm”.
Present Levels of Carbon Dioxide
David Adam, writing in The Guardian (UK), (“World carbon dioxide levels highest for 650,000 years”, May 13, 2008), states, “Scientists at the Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii say that CO2 levels in the atmosphere now stand at 387 parts per million (ppm), up almost 40% since the industrial revolution.” This increase in carbon dioxide corresponds to an increase in world temperature levels. The United Nations Environment Programme, on its “Observed Climate Trends” website says, “The mean global surface temperature has increased by about 0.3 to 0.6°C since the late 19th century and by about 0.2 to 0.3°C over the last 40 years, which is the period with most reliable data. Recent years have been among the warmest since 1860.”
Carbon Dioxide Tipping Point
Neither the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) nor any national environmental agency has set a definitive figure as a carbon tipping point. Some environmental scientists and organizations have zoned in on various concentrations of carbon dioxide as significant.
* Dr. Malte Meinshausen, in “Emission pathways and concentration levels under a 2 degrees Celcius climate target” (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 2007) argues that levels under 400ppm CO2 give the best chance of limiting the increase in world temperature to 2 degrees Celsius, while anything higher makes catastrophic rises more likely.
* Professor Johan Rockström, Executive Director of the Stockholm Environmental Institute said (June 23, 2008), “The CO2 threshold under discussion is too high. Today, the scientific community has a pretty clear picture of how much CO2 our atmosphere can sustain, and there is growing evidence that 350 PPM should be our target, rather than 450 PPM."
* “Scenarios of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Atmospheric Concentrations” released by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) in July 2007 predicts, “As a result, global CO2 emissions more than triple between 2000 and 2100, and emissions are rising at the end of the twenty-first century in all three reference scenarios.”
Environmental Doomsday Clock
If carbon dioxide and temperature levels begin to force the release of naturally trapped carbon dioxide from carbon sinks such as forests and permafrost, or limit the ability of nature to absorb carbon dioxide in the oceans, the planet will face its environmental doomsday clock. There are signs that this may be already occurring.
* In The Times (UK), (May 18, 2007), Lewis Smith reports, “Researchers have found that the Southern Ocean is absorbing an ever-decreasing proportion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The excess carbon, which cannot be absorbed by the oceans, will remain in the atmosphere and accelerate global warming, they said.”
* The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report titled “The Amazon's Vicious Cycles: Drought and Fire in the Greenhouse” says, "Global warming may lead to the displacement of large areas of eastern and central Amazon forest, reinforcing a drying trend.”
Because there is no definitive figure for a carbon dioxide tipping point, it is important that the world should strive to keep the atmospheric carbon dioxide level as low as possible. The best way to achieve this would be a move away from fossil and atomic fuels to "renewable energies."
Stablization and Peak Targets: Understanding CO2 Numbers
The difference between greenhouse gas (GHG) stabilization levels and GHG peak targets is one we've failed to adequately explain.
Stabilization levels are our long-term goals: when Jim Hansen says we need a concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of no more than 350 ppm, he's discussing where we need to end up in a certain time frame (many use the time frame 2050 or 2100 -- I'm not sure what Hansen's time frame here is). Though we're already over that level, with concerted effort and widespread innovation, we could bring CO2 concentrations down.
Peak target is another kind of measurement, a threshold above which we shouldn't stray. The consensus opinion here seems to be hovering around 450 ppm: meaning that if we exceed that amount of CO2 (and other GHGs) in the atmosphere, we're running serious risk of quickly crossing catastrophic tipping points.
I imagine an engine. For optimal performance and longevity, we should only run it so fast. It can be run faster, but wear and tear (and the possibility of break down) increase rapidly the longer we run it at faster speeds. Some speeds, however, are just too fast: above those speeds, we're likely to just burn the engine out altogether.
Stabilization level is the fastest speed at which we believe we can safely run the engine over time: peak target is the red zone, the speed at which the engine should never go.
--Alex Steffen www.globalchanging.com
January 3, 2008
Beginning of the End of the Large Carbon Footprint XMESS
We can talk the talk but now we REALLY need to walk the walk...a truly green holiday season might just be the way to go. Perhaps the best gift to the Planet we could give is .....G-R-E-E-N: .
. . Lyrics: "Take Our Planet Back" by will i am . Al Gore: Today, I challenge our nation to commit to producing 100% of our electricity from renewable energy and truly clean carbon-free sources within 10 years.
Calling all the leaders to lead us out the h*** Asking all deceivers the things I want to know
If we’re so technological Why’re we still burning oil
‘Cause I got a car you plug into the wall that’s faster than a GTO
We shot for the stars, put rovers on Mars, make planes like UFOs
So why are we borrowin’ money from China to buy oil from the Gulf and destroyin’ the world
Al Gore: Every bit of that has to change…
Now that’s got to change Now that’s got to change
(Chorus x3) We’ll stand up We’ll stand up and take our planet back You and me
We’ll stand up We’ll stand up and take our planet back
Talkin’ ‘bout we
Talkin’ ‘bout we
Calling all the citizens (Al Gore: Citizens…) Citizens of the land
Ask you your politicians (Al Gore: Political Leaders…) All these questions
If we fight another war on terror Why aren’t we fighting for the environment
We spend a billion dollars on wars in foreign lands But nothin’ on education
Nikola Tesla turned the Niagara Falls into energy way back when (Al Gore: Energy…)
And we’re still burning coal (Al Gore: Coal…) When you can make electricity with solar and wind (Al Gore: Solar and wind…)
Now who’s getting played? You and me
And who’s getting paid?
(Chorus x3) We’ll stand up We’ll stand up and take our planet back You and me
We’ll stand up We’ll stand up and take our planet back
Talkin’ ‘bout we
Talkin’ ‘bout we, we, we, we
I’m askin’ all the citizens to take action (Al Gore: Citizens…) Take action and take back the government Tell the government to start taxin’ pollution Makin’ laws ‘cause that’s the solution It should be against the law to make pollution So if they make products that do what the other products do But they didn’t pollute, what are you gonna choose?
Al Gore: We should tax what we burn, not what we earn. To those who say the challenge is not politically viable I suggest they go before the American people and try to defend the status quo And then bear witness to the people’s appetite for dramatic change The time is now. . . 'We should tax what we burn and not what we earn.' --ex-VP and Nobel Laureate, Al Gore
. . Cliff Notes on Global Warming and Carbon Dioxide ("CO2"): . If the Earth's atmosphere received no more Greenhouse Gases (CO2, Methane, etc) now, it STILL would take about 1000 years for the rate of increase in the Earth's average temperature to zero out. . On a time scale of several thousand years, it is estimated that about 90% of human generated CO2 emissions will end up in the ocean --Christopher Sabine, NOAA . . "The ocean has removed 48% of the CO2 we have released into the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels and cement manufacturing," said Christopher Sabine, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa) in Seattle, US.
"If the ocean had not removed 118 billion metric tonnes of carbon between 1800 and 1994, the CO2 level in the atmosphere would be about 55 parts per million greater than currently observed."
This may have slowed global warming, but it also led to a change in seawater chemistry.
According to Richard Feely, of NOAA, and his colleagues, that might make life pretty hard for some shell-forming marine animals.
Corals, pteropod molluscs and some plankton (single celled organisms) pull carbonate ions from the seawater to produce their calcium carbonate shells.
The 10-year survey was an international effort But, as the CO2 concentrations in the water increase, the carbonate ion concentrations decrease.
This means the animals lack the materials with which to build their shells.
And in areas where CO2 concentrations are particularly high, Professor Feely's team claim, the animal's shells can actually begin to dissolve.
"Based on our present knowledge, it appears that as seawater CO2 levels rise, the skeletal growth rates of calcareous plankton will be reduced - as a result of the effects of CO2 on calcification," said co-author Victoria Fabry, of California State University, US.
This effect is not witnessed uniformly throughout the oceans, however.
The survey has revealed that dissolved CO2 levels are rather patchy.
Because CO2 gets into the water by gas exchange at the surface - and because oceans tend to mix rather slowly - most CO2 is found near the top of the ocean, or in seas that are quite shallow.
"About half of the anthropogenic CO2 (i.e. produced by human activity) taken up over the last 200 years can be found in the upper 10% of the ocean," said Professor Sabine.
That means shelled creatures that live in surface waters at higher latitudes may have the most trouble.
At the moment the oceans house a mere third of the CO2 that they could. Again, that is because our seas are "stirred" very slowly. So deep layers of water, which will eventually reach the surface, are far from being saturated.
"On the time scale of several thousand years, it is estimated that about 90% of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions will end up in the ocean," said Professor Sabine.
But the key word here is "thousands" of years. In the shorter term, as the surface waters become more saturated, the ocean may become a less efficient sink for CO2.
Just what that will mean for the Earth's climate, and for the marine ecosystem, is not quite clear yet.
Professor Sabine said: "Future studies of the carbon system in the oceans should be designed to identify and assess these feedback mechanisms [so that we can] determine the ocean's future role as a sink for CO2". . .
Sampling package used to collect water samples for the global carbon dioxide survey
. . .
For the first time in human history, the concentration of climate-warming carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has passed the milestone level of 400 parts per million (ppm). The last time so much greenhouse gas was in the air was several million years ago, when the Arctic was…
Sea surface temperatures in the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem (Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Maine) during 2012 were the highest recorded in 150 years, according to the latest Ecosystem Advisory issued by NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC). These high sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are the latest in a trend of above average temperature seen during the spring and summer seasons, and part of a pattern of elevated temperatures occurring in the Northwest…
. . Before long, the Arctic will be spending its summers as temperate and ice-free as the rest of the globe, a state of affairs not seen at any time in human history. Whereas the region has always undergone some ice melt during spring and summer—with re-freezing of that melted ice always following in…
Shades the cars while producing free energy. Germany has created over 500,000 new jobs by pushing hard into solar and wind energy - providing incentives for everyone to install and as a result, they will be able to move forward with their plans to shut down all their nuclear power…
I believe there's rational evidence to suggest that the BlowOut on Deep Water horizon may have been done intentionally; Sabotage! Review the 60 mins. interview with Mr. Williams. Who turned = OFF the Safety, and raised the Drill Pipe through the BlowOut preventer, long enough, and far enough to cause heat, and friction to the rubber O Ring, damaging it? Than, turned it back = ON? What happened to the B P Manager who threatened, and overruled the Transocean Manager, and set aside protocol by removing the heavy mud, and concrete plugs, knowing full well that all that would be holding back the pressure would be the compromised BlowOut preventor? Who tied the 2 LifeBoats on the Port side of the rigs to the rig? Mr Williams escape was a fluke! Then there was the timing: Earth Day. Obama had just announced more Off Shore drilling. The only 1's supporting that were those republican azzholes Sarah Palin. And the new Gov of VA. Palin's statements yesterday confirm the political aspects of the spill, and how it will be hyped come NOV 2nd. The 3 Senators introducing "The American Power Act" would cause the Congress to put off Immigration Reform, by Obama's defination; Amnesty. He mentioned it several times during the Mexican Presidents visit last week. Obama previously announced his support of 3 Nukes to be built by Exelon in GA, to a cold response. They were big contributors to his campaign. Obama strategist David Axelrod has worked as Exelon consultant. Rahm Emanuel, helped broker the merger of two utiltilies to form Exelon. Now the notion of future Off Shore drilling is all but nill. The worse this event unfolds, the better Nuclear Power, and Natural Gas look. Some1 needs to find, and ? that B P Manager...
I sure hope some of our group is at COP15. Seems that it is a replay of past climate change conferences--The rich countries vs the poor countries. China sure seems to think that it can go on and on with its coal burning and CO2 emitting while claiming to be a poor developing country. Very tragic. Maybe they'll wake up after they lose a bit of coastline.....
You seem to be the most knowledgeable regarding fuel cells. Do you have information or know where to find data on the heat generated by various types of cells? Is there any kind of an effort to capture the heat?
by the way, how did you end up with all the beautiful women as friends? you are the man!
Check out this;
I see you have solar panels. I have 6 acres of open field in Va and would like to place a few panel structures. I have talked to my local power company and they are not ready to persue any avenue like this at the present.
My wife and I are on the lower end of so called middle class in regard to money. Due to some things I have tried and helped our boys i cannot get a loan to buy a wheel barrow.